Vertigo Dizziness Causes

Learn More about BPPV , Meniere’s disease with vertigo

Information available here is to understand different conditions with vertigo ,

A Vestibular Assessment by professional is required for diagnosis of the conditions .


  • Dizziness.
  • A sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo)
  • A loss of balance or unsteadiness.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.

Vertigo is the feeling that you are spinning or the world is spinning around you. Dizziness is generally thought to be due to debris which has collected within a part of the inner ear ( one of the semicircular canal ) . In most cases the Spinning is lasting few sec to minute and spinning in one or two positions. As the name suggest Benign means short( brief ) ,Peroxysmal (sudden ,temporary ) , Positional Vertigo

Unilateral Vestibular Hypofunction (UVH)

Unilateral Vestibular Hypofunction (UVH) is a term used when the balance system in your inner ear, the peripheral vestibular system, is not working properly. There is a vestibular system in each inner ear, so unilateral means that only one system is impaired, while the other is working normally.

The most common symptoms include:

  • Dizziness or vertigo (described as a spinning sensation)
  • Poor balance, especially with head turns
  • Trouble walking, especially outdoors, in dark rooms, or in crowded places
  • Blurred vision, especially when turning your head quickly
  • Nausea and vomiting in acute and severe case

Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction

Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction is a term Used when both side of the inner ear the balance system is not working properly. In most cases the symptoms are off balance , rocking sensation , difficulty in walking steady , difficulty in darkness, more balance problem. In some cases vertigo may be present

Meniere’s disease

Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that can lead to dizzy spells (vertigo) and hearing loss. In most cases, Meniere’s disease affects only one most cases episodes of vertigo occur without warning and usually last 20 minutes to several hours, but not more than 24 hours. Severe vertigo can cause nausea.


Vertigo is the most debilitating symptom and is a severe spinning sensation that can cause:

  • Severe nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating

Other symptoms may include:

  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Loss of hearing or muffled hearing
  • Loss of the ability to hear low frequencies
  • Pressure in the affected ear
  • Loss of balance
  • Headaches

Vestibular Migraine

Migraine headaches are a common neurological condition. With a vestibular migraine, the person may experience a combination of vestibular attacks, visual aura, sensitivity to visual stimulation and motion at different times, and they can occur with or without an actual headache. In Most cases symptoms free days present like one day the symptoms are bad and next day without any treatment feel like normal. Life style modifications may help in controlling the triggers to reduce the episode.

Central Origin Vertigo ( CNS )

Central vertigo is a clinical condition in which an individual experiences hallucinations of motion of their surroundings, or a sensation of spinning, while remaining still, as a result of dysfunction of the vestibular structures in the central nervous system (CNS).

Seek emergency care

Although it’s uncommon for dizziness to signal a serious illness, see your doctor immediately if you experience dizziness or vertigo along with any of the following:

  • A new, different or severe headache
  • A fever
  • Double vision or loss of vision
  • Hearing loss
  • Trouble speaking
  • Leg or arm weakness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Falling or difficulty walking
  • Numbness or tingling

How vestibular rehabilitation helps with Dizziness and Vertigo

See How we help

I had severe vertigo 5 days after my Covid symptoms were clear. After one visit where Biren Kumar walked me through some exercises, the vertigo was gone by the evening! I understand now how vertigo can be triggered so easily.
– T LH.

About our Certified Vestibular Therapist

Vertigo Dizziness Causes
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Biren Patel

Physiotherapist, Cert. Vestibular Therapist

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